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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

Schumacheria.]                   FLORA INDICA.                                     65
plants, before the rhizoma is developed, the leaves are considerably smaller, propor-
tionally narrower, more rugose, and sometimes bulkte.
3.  A. lanceolatum (Hook. Ic. Plant, sub t. 157); foliis anguste
lanceolatis acutis sintiato-dentatis distanter nervosis superne glabris
nitidis subtus ad nervos adpresse pilosis.
HAB. In Zeylaniac montibus teraperatis, Wight! TJiwaites!(v. s.)
Folia anguste spathulata vel fere linearia, 3-6 poll, louga, & -poll, lata, superne
argute sinuato-dentata, dentibus glandula apiculatis basin versus" auguslata dentibus
obtusiorifcus: petiolis abbreviatis, alatis. Injlorescentia A. wiiflorl. Pedicelti 1-2-
pollicares, laxe patentim pilosi.
This species is only known from a few very imperfedt specimens in the Hookerian
Herbarium: these appear to he young plants, the rhizoma being scarcely deve-
loped. There are traces of an inflorescence like that of the last species; but no
flowers in a state fit for examination.
 2. FoUiculla I-2-spermis.
4.  A. costatnm (Jack, Mai. Misc., et in Hook. Bot. Misc. ii.,82);
foliis obovatis basi sagittatis, racemis scapifprmibus erectis laxis, brac-
teis lanceolatis lion imbrieatis, floribus breviter pedicellatis.J^all. Cat.
1117 A !    A. Wightiatmm, W. et A. Prod. i. 6; Wight! III. i. 9.
HAB. In Travancor, Wight/; Malaya, ad Penang et Singapur, Jack!
Wall.! (I?.*,)
JMtisoma lignosum, subhorizontale. Folia 4-6 pollices longa, J-2 lata, dentato-
serrata, scabra, snperne sccus costain inter nervos ct versus margiues molliter pilosa,
subtus pallida, secus nervos adpressc-pilosa. Peiioli brevissimi, auriculati, vagi-
nantes. Scapi (cum pedicellis et caJycibus) patentim pilosi, supra medium floriferi;
pedicetli hracteis duplo lougiores. tiepa/a ^-pollicaria. Stamina, 15. Ovaria bi-
ovulata, ovulis axi insertis collatcralibus adscendentibus.
The materials at the disposal of Wight and Arnott at the time of the publication
of the Prodromes were so imperfect that they did not discover that their specimens
belonged to two different species. One specimen (belonging to the present species),
which had good flowers and fruit, was employed for the analysis of the flowers given
In the Prodromus, but all the others belonged to A. Arnottianum, which alone occurs
in the "WaUichian Herbarium,- under the name of A. Wightianum. Dr. Wight had,
however, retained in his own collection the specimen of A. cosiatum, along with*one
of those of A> Arnottiamim; and when he had occasion to revert to the subject for
the ' Illustrations,' having acquired additional materials, he detected the differences,
which he has clearly indicated in that work. Dr. Wight has also pointed out the
probable identity of the A. WiyUianum of the Prodromus with A. costatum^ Jack;
and after a. comparison of the solitary specimen from Travaiieor in the Wightian
Herbarium, with those of Jack and Wallich, we can find no differences. As the de-
scription of A. Wiyhtianum in W. A. Prod., which must be considered the authority
for the species, agrees in alkessential points with A. costatum, the former name must'
necessarily be suppressed.
4. SCHTJMACHERIA, Yabl, Arnott,
Sepala 5. Petala 5. Stamina iudefinita, ^utiilatcralia monadelplia,
pluriserialia, filaraentis in columnara brevem oblique cylindricam coaliti?.
Anthera subsessiles, Jiueari-oblongsG, obtusro, apiculatse,, bilocukres;
loculis lataraliter debisccntibus.  Ovaria 3, discreta, dense pilosa^uni-